With any new law that comes into force, there are bound to be worries and concerns raised from people who fear any changes to the status quo. When the legislation is complex and details are unclear, the level of concern and controversy increase dramatically. The PPACA (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act) is one such act which has everyone pondering over the changes it would bring.
We are weeks away from marking the 3-year anniversary of the passage of this legislation, which has become the poster child for the ‘FUD Principle’ – the notion that people can be manipulated into believing anything if you introduce enough fear, uncertainty and doubt. PPACA is aimed primarily at decreasing the number of uninsured Americans and reducing the overall costs of health care. However, we constantly hear of potential unintended consequences:
One question that has not received nearly as much discussion is the impact the PPACA will have on the use of temporary workers. Today, most temporary workers who are serving as contractors employed by a staffing agency are offered low premium or mini-med plans, or are given the option of participating in plans offered to staff employees, but without the benefit of employer contribution to the costs of these benefits. Temporary workers serving as independent contractors are considered to be self-employed, and therefore personally responsible for their healthcare.
Will PPACA result in an increase in the use of temporary workers?
Some may argue that employers may want to reduce the size of their direct workforce – and the costs associated with insuring these workers – by relying more heavily on temporary workers. However, staffing agencies that incur increased costs associated with providing healthcare insurance that meets minimum standards (i.e., greater than what is today offered in a “mini med” plan) will pass these costs on to their customers, reducing the attractiveness of agency contractors as a workforce option.
Individuals who today opt to freelance as independent contractors may find the cost of private insurance prohibitive. If they reside in a state that has not implemented a health care exchange, the fear of non-coverage or the headache of trying to qualify for and enroll in a state-run program may cause them to reconsider temporary assignments.
For now, we continue to wait and see.
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